This seminar focuses on the philosophical questions related to observation and measurement in science. We will begin with questions that are relevant to observation and measurement in general. For instance, what is theory-ladenness of observation? How does measuring generate evidence? Later during the course, we will discuss problems related to observation and measurement in different fields of science. What are the philosophical questions related to the standardization of time? Can we measure happiness or quality of life? How should the effectiveness of drugs be measured?
Agner, E. (2013). Is it possible to measure happiness? European Journal for Philosophy of Science. 3(2), 221–240.
Bogen, J. (2017). Theory and Observation in Science, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2017 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2017/entries/science-theory-observation/>.
McClimans, L. (2013). The role of measurement in establishing evidence. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 38(5), 520-538.
Tal, E. (2013). Old and new problems in philosophy of measurement. Philosophy compass. 8/12, 1159–1173.