What do you think, how many different English sentences have you produced in your life?
Let’s take the easy way out by saying: probably a lot.
How many grammatical rules do you know according to which the English language operates?
Again, let’s take the easy way out: probably not a lot.
This observation explains precisely what you could call the miracle of language: a finite number of rules allows speakers to produce and understand an infinite number of sentences.
To understand how this works, we will look at models of syntactic description and analysis. We will also look at examples from different languages to add a contrastive perspective to our understanding of syntax.
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