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270037 (Ir-)rationality in Thought and Action (S) (WiSe 2019/2020)

Inhalt, Kommentar

Human thought and action in a social context often appears to be irrational. We will examine and discuss theoretical explanations and empirical studies regarding a host of phenomena that may be subsumed under the heading of "(ir-)rationality," among them:
- judgmental bias as a result of heuristic thinking
- magical thinking
- superstition
- intuition and feeling-based judgment
- anthropomorphization (treating animals and inanimate objects as if they were human) etc.
Some of the questions we will address: Are there underlying principles that apply to all of these phenomena? How are they distinct? May what appears irrational actually have adaptive benefits?


Mandatory reading:
Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking, fast and slow. London: Penguin Books.

Selected readings:
Ariely, D. (2012). Predictably irrational: The hidden forces that shape our decisions (2nd ed.). New York: HarperCollins.
Ariely, D. (2012). The upside of irrationality: The unexpected benefits of defying logic at work and at home. New York: HarperCollins.
Epstein, S., Pacini, R., Denes-Raj, V., & Heier, H. (1996). Individual differences in intuitive-experiential and analytical-rational thinking styles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 390–405.
Fogg, B. J., & Nass, C. (1997). Silicon sycophants: The effects of computers that flatter. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 46, 551–561.
Kahneman, D., Slovic, P., & Tversky, A. (Eds.). (1982). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Risen, J. L., & Gilovich, T. (2008). Why people are reluctant to tempt fate. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 293–307.
Rozin, P., Millman, L., & Nemeroff, C. (1986). Operation of the laws of sympathetic magic in disgust and other domains. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 703-712.
Shafir, E., & Tversky, A. (1992). Thinking through uncertainty: Nonconsequential reasoning and choice. Cognitive Psychology, 24, 449-474.
Tversky, A., & Shafir, E. (1992). The disjunction effect in choice under uncertainty. Psychological Science, 3, 305-309.


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Modul Veranstaltung Leistungen  
27-M-G Grundlagen und Anwendung: Personal- und Angewandte Sozialpsychologie G.2 Aufbauseminar zur Personalpsychologie oder Basisseminar zur Angewandten Sozialpsychologie Studienleistung
G.3 Vertiefungsseminar zur Personalpsychologie oder zur Angewandten Sozialpsychologie Studienleistung

Die verbindlichen Modulbeschreibungen enthalten weitere Informationen, auch zu den "Leistungen" und ihren Anforderungen. Sind mehrere "Leistungsformen" möglich, entscheiden die jeweiligen Lehrenden darüber.

Studiengang/-angebot Gültigkeit Variante Untergliederung Status Sem. LP  
Geschlechterforschung in der Lehre    
Studieren ab 50    
Konkretisierung der Anforderungen

3 ECTS credits ("Studienleistung") for regular attendance, active participation, and preparing short written answers to weekly homework assignments. Also, each week one or two students will chair the seminar session (i.e., give an introductory presentation, moderate discussions, initiate group tasks, etc.).

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