The renaissance of heterodox approaches in economic history over the last decades has significantly enlarged the scope of this field. This trend mainly benefits from the cultural and social sciences and has fostered research on phenomena that cut across the classic schemes of economics. For instance, various studies focus on raw materials and industrial products such as chocolate, dyes, coffee, and cotton, to name only a few. Others follow nonhuman actants on their transnational pathways. Drawing on new institutional economics, scholars also analyze the role that nomenclatures and expectancies of actors play in the establishment and stabilization of large supply networks or commodity chains. Despite these efforts, the conceptual pair of production and consumption is still structuring popular sociological and historiographical narratives to a large degree. Against this background, the seminar not only aims at deconstructing and historicizing the theoretical implications of this guiding difference of modernity by taking at a close look at some of its historical and present aspects. We also ask to what extent is has influenced – an still influences – economic activities themselves. The topics to be discussed may include e.g. classical and neoclassical economic theory, the policy worlds of (illicit) drugs markets, or the opposition of consumer society and work society.