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Calculating the middle course between the risk of infection and recession

Published on 28. Juli 2020
Bielefeld economists develop computer model for coronavirus measures

Economist Professor Dr Herbert Dawid and his research group have developed a model that examines the economic consequences of different containment measures implemented during the COVID-19 crisis and the impact of these measures on the number of cases. Photo: Bielefeld University/Philipp Ottendörfer
How do the restrictions imposed by the coronavirus crisis impact the economy? What measures are suitable to minimise the number of people infected and killed by SARS-CoV-2? And how are these two dynamics related? Academics at Bielefeld University have investigated this and now published their findings in a study. Using a computer model with high predictive power, they simulated how the virus spreads and the effects of different containment measures—both on gross domestic product and unemployment figures as well as on the number of people infected and those who die of Covid-19.

 

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Posted by FFollmer in General

Medical Research Start-up Fund: first six collaborative projects approved

Published on 22. Juli 2020
Bielefeld University’s rectorate has made its decision on applications

They helped to select the six new collaborative projects: Professor Dr Claudia Hornberg, dean of the OWL Medical School, and Professor Dr Martin Egelhaaf, Bielefeld University’s vice-rector for research and research transfer. Photo: Bielefeld University/M.-D. Müller
Applications to Bielefeld University’s Medical Research Start-up Fund (AMF [Anschubfonds Medizinische Forschung]) had to be submitted by April. The university’s rectorate has now reviewed the recommendations of the selection committee and made its decision. In the first funding round, the AMF will support six collaborative projects. The new projects involve technical applications for rehabilitation, the microbiome in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis, eye-tracking in the diagnosis of strokes, artificial intelligence in the aftercare of hear-ing prostheses, sleep promotion as a preventive measure as well as the improved care of patients with chronic pain. The AMF is designed to contribute to the further development of the new faculty’s medical research profile. The fund promotes collaboration between Bielefeld University scientists and physicians at OWL University Hospital (UK OWL) as well as physicians with their own practice in OWL.

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Posted by FFollmer in General

Bielefeld and Paderborn Universities found joint artificial intelligence institute

Published on 22. Juli 2020
The JAII will conduct research into human-centred technology suitable for everyday use

Prof. Dr Birgitt Riegraf (President of Paderborn University) and Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gerhard Sagerer (Rector of Bielefeld University) met in Paderborn to sign the contract founding the Bielefeld–Paderborn Joint Artificial Institute (JAII). The initiators of the institute are Prof. Dr Eyke Hüllermeier (back row left) and Prof. Dr Philipp Cimiano (back row right). Photo: Paderborn University
Voice assistants, smart homes, or industrial 4.0 systems: artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly automating processes in a wide variety of living and working environments. However, AI systems often prove to be not particularly competent because they lack either background or contextual knowledge, are unable to assess the scope and implications of assumptions and decisions, and cannot explain their actions. In the Joint Artificial Intelligence Institute (JAII), the two universities at Bielefeld and Paderborn are combining their research competencies in this field of research. The universities jointly founded the institute on July 14, 2020. In the JAII, future research will address the fundamentals of AI systems designed to focus on people. The aim is for AI systems to support people as competent partners and enable them to solve everyday problems better and more reliably than before.

 

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Posted by FFollmer in General

How can green technologies come out on top?

Published on 21. Juli 2020
An economic study is examining what prevents companies from producing in eco-friendly ways. Governments must take these barriers into account if they want to promote alternative processes.

Kerstin Hötte and Herbert Dawid are using computer-based simulations to explore how policy measures can promote climate-friendly technologies. Photo: Mike-Dennis Müller
Industrial companies are fighting to survive as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. One suggestion is to support the German economy by linking environmental and climate targets with economic stimulus packages. What chance does climate policy have of influencing technological change towards green technology? This is one of the questions posed by a study at Bielefeld University’s Faculty of Business Administration and Economics. It is using a model to imitate the economy of a typical state in the European Union.

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Posted by FFollmer in General

How refugees live

Published on 20. Juli 2020
‘Refugees must be granted the same healthcare as the German population,’ says Oliver Razum, expert for public healthcare. Photo: Bielefeld University/M.-D. Müller

The kind of accommodation given to refugees may impact on their health. But it is not just housing conditions that are important, says public health scientist Oliver Razum, it is also freedom of movement and being able to make one's own decisions. Excessive controls, in contrast, could turn the time spent in the host country into a torment and a health risk.  Oliver Razum repeatedly returns to one pivotal sentence: ‘Refugees must have the chance to shape their lives themselves.’ Any assistance that is ultimately a disempowerment is not really help at all: it paralyses and frustrates. The scientist also calls for refugees to be granted the same access to healthcare as the majority population. 

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Posted by FFollmer in General

International Research Training Group in mathematics extended

Published on 16. Juli 2020

German Research Foundation (DFG) approves five million euros in funding

Im Februar stand die Begutachtung des Graduiertenkollegs an. Sie stellten dabei die Arbeit des Kollegs vor (v.li.): Prof. Dr. Martin Egelhaaf (Prorektor für Forschung der Universität Bielefeld), Prof. Dr. Panki Kim  und Prof. Dr. Moritz Kaßmann (beide Sprecher des IRTG 2235) und Dr. Claudia Köhler, wissenschaftliche Koordinatorin des Kollegs. Foto: Universität Bielefeld
The International Research Training Group ‘Searching for the regular in the irregular: Analysis of singular and random systems’ (IRTG 2235) is being funded by the German Research Foundation for another four and a half years. The German Research Foundation is thus investing an additional five million euros in academic training and the exchange of doctoral students between Bielefeld University and Seoul National University.

 

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Posted by JHeeren in General

New method performs corona test ten times faster

Published on 13. Juli 2020

Researchers at Bielefeld University present accelerated procedure

 

Ob sich eine Person mit SARS-CoV-2 infiziert hat, lässt sich in Tests nachweisen. Das genetische Material wird dazu in einem Thermocycler vervielfältigt. Mit dem in der neuen Studie genutzten Thermocycler (Bild) sind pro Stunde rund 570 Auswertungen möglich. Foto: Universität Bielefeld/M.-D. Müller
Currently, it takes more than two hours to perform and evaluate a test for SARS-CoV-2—meaning that a laboratory can test only a very limited number of people per day. In a study with several cooperation partners, cell biologists at Bielefeld University have now developed a method that delivers results around ten times faster. ‘The test takes only about 16 minutes,’ says Professor Dr Christian Kaltschmidt from Bielefeld University’s cell biology research group. ‘The method is also cheaper than conventional tests.’

 

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Posted by JHeeren in General

What Europe means for research, study and work at university

Published on 2. Juli 2020
The question is answered by a researcher, a staff member and a student at the university

Innovative research and teaching in a network of six young European universities away from the big metropolises: With this vision, the university, together with five partner universities, is applying to become a "European university". What does Europe mean for research, studying and working at university? The question is answered by a researcher, a staff member and a student at the university. 
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Posted by JBömer in General
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